Chapter 40 13 Themes
The Resurgence of Conservatism
Big ideas matter. Here are the most important themes for this chapter.
The over-arching theme of chapter 40 is that Ronald Reagan returned America to more traditional policies and values.
- Conservatism emerged through Reagan who supported tax cuts, “supply-side” economics that helped businesses, and a strengthening of the military. The national debt increased dramatically, largely due to increased military spending.
- Reagan took a strong stance against communism, calling the U.S.S.R. the “evil empire.”
- When Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the Soviet Union, tensions began to soften. Gorbachev’s actions within the U.S.S.R. would eventually lead to communism’s fall in 1989.
- In 1991, Iraq invaded Kuwait. This started an international effort to oust Iraq, led by George H. W. Bush and the U.S.