The Great Depression and the New Deal
Big ideas matter. Here are the most important themes for this chapter.
The over-arching theme of chapter 33 is that FDR led the federal government into his massive New Deal programs. The goal was to re-invigorate the U.S. economy and jolt it up out of the Great Depression.
- FDR quickly got many New Deal programs passed. The general philosophy was: the government will start massive projects and spend huge quantities of money and this will “jump-start” the economy.
- These programs hit on all walks of life. Emphasis was placed on creating jobs, housing, construction projects, and restoring confidence in banks.
- Though FDR was popular, there were critics to the New Deal—some saying it did too much, others that it did too little.
- FDR pretty much had his way with Congress, until he asked for more Supreme Court judges and was finally told, “No.”
- All told, though the New Deal may have helped the economy a bit, but it did not boost the U.S. out of the Depression.