Chapter 30 13 Themes

Chapter 30

The War to End War

Big ideas matter. Here are the most important themes for this chapter.

The over-arching theme of chapter 30 is that America reluctantly joined WWI, then threw itself into the war effort with full force.

  1. President Wilson outlined the war’s objectives with his Fourteen Points. They set the goals of free seas, self-determination after the war, and establishing an international body to prevent future wars.
  2. A military draft was instituted, the first since the Civil War.
  3. Women went to work more than they’d ever done and black soldiers were drafted into the military into segregated units.
  4. The Americans focussed their military effort in protecting Paris from the Germans.
  5. At the Treaty of Versailles, Wilson agreed to allow England and France to punish Germany for the war. In return, they agreed to start Wilson’s “League of Nations".
  6. However, the US Senate rejected the Treaty/League. They didn’t wish to turn over America’s decision-making to a foreign body like the League of Nations.

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